Virtual Library

This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources is an Internet directory of over 2000 annotated links to high-quality English-language sources of information and analysis in many international and global studies topics. Sites are carefully selected for their long-term value, favoring those with cost-free, authoritative information and analysis online.


Principal Libraries, Databases, Networks, and Directories
Other Sources

Principal Libraries, Databases, Networks, and Directories about Peace, Conflict, and Security

NOTE: Also check the many relevant links in the United States Government Information Sources, American Foreign Policy, International Relations Journals and Magazines, and Research Institutes sections of this Web site, among others.

Insightful Blogs on Peace, Conflict Resolution, and Security Issues-- Small Wars Journal, Peace InsightPolitical Violence @ a Glance, Center for Security Studies (Zurich)

Center for Security Studies-- World-class clearinghouse for resources in the field of security and defense studies, peace and conflict research, and international relations, with a large digital library, as well as datasets and graphics. "The world’s leading open access information service for international relations and security professionals," from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.

Conflict and Security Search Facility-- From Eldis, a world-class UK directory and gateway to electronic information resources on development, to search thousands of high quality online publications concerning global, regional, and country conflict and security issues. Additional related topics to search are found under the "Topics" dropdown menu at the top of this page.

Global Terrorism Database-- From the University of Maryland, "an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world," from 1970 onward. "Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 170,000 cases." Searchable.

Peace and Collaborative Development Network-- "Free professional networking site that works to foster dialogue and sharing of resources in international development, conflict resolution, gender mainstreaming, human rights, social entrepreneurship and related fields." Posts "fellowship/scholarship opportunities, information about relevant academic programs, training opportunities, news about new publications... questions about new or ongoing research projects, discussion of conflict regions, videos and photos, and more."

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute-- One of the foremost institutes of its type in the world, specializing in the collection and analysis of data on weapons developments, arms transfers and production, and military expenditure, as well as on arms limitations, reductions and disarmament. They have outstanding publications, plus several databases of information on those topics.

Uppsala Conflict Data Program-- From Uppsala University's Department of Peace and Conflict Research, "information on a large number of aspects of armed violence [and peacemaking] since 1946," in the form of widely-referenced downloadable databases, a Conflict Encyclopaedia, definitions of concepts, country profiles, maps, charts, graphs, and publications.

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Other Sources about Peace, Conflict, and Security

Arms Control Association-- National nonpartisan membership organization promoting public understanding of and support for effective arms control policies, with online fact sheets, papers, full-text documents, arms control briefings, subject and country directories, and the journal Arms Control Today.

Bonn International Center for Conversion-- Clearinghouse on practical conversion experiences and projects, to support and promote the process by which resources are shifted from the military or the defense sector towards civilian purposes. Posts many online free "reports, briefs, and papers  which analyze the international conversion process, report on conversion projects and experiences, and offer scientific as well as practical know-how."

British American Security Information Council-- An independent research organization that analyzes government policies in defense, disarmament, military strategy, and nuclear issues. Many analytical studies online.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists-- Focus on "global security issues, especially the continuing dangers posed by nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, and the appropriate roles of nuclear technology." Online copies of parts of the Bulletin, the famous nuclear Doomsday Clock, and other information about international security and nuclear issues.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace-- Conducts programs of research, discussion, publication, and education in international affairs and U.S. foreign policy, and publishes the quarterly journal Foreign Policy. Specialties are "particularly in the areas of Russia and Eurasia, China, the Indian subcontinent/South Asia, globalization, nonproliferation and security affairs." Many publications are posted online, such as policy briefs, working papers, and reports. The Carnegie Endowment has other centers in Moscow, Beirut, and Brussels (the latter for the EU), all of which tend to focus on regional topics.

Center for International Policy-- Policy organization in Washington, D.C. "promoting a U.S. foreign policy based on international cooperation, demilitarization and respect for basic human rights." Posts reports and a newsletter on human rights, international security, and conflict resolution issues. Their Security Assistance Monitor "documents all publicly accessible information on U.S. security and defense assistance programs throughout the world, including arms sales, military and police aid, training programs, exercises, exchanges, bases and deployments."

Center for Systemic Peace-- "Engaged in innovative research on the problem of political violence within the structural context of the dynamic global system... supports scientific research and quantitative analysis in many issue areas related to the fundamental problems of violence in both human relations and societal-systemic development processes," with the goal of "minimizing the resort to and the effects of political violence in the world as a whole." Posts many studies, data, and graphics on the topic, including global trend analysis and the Global Report series.

Clingendael Conflict Research Unit-- Part of  the Netherlands Institute of International Relations, focusing on the study of intrastate conflict and conflict management, especially in the developing world. Studies, papers, and seminar proceedings are online.

Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN)-- A collaborative multi-media database of resources relevant to teaching and research on the Northern Ireland conflict, at the University of Ulster.

Country Reports on Terrorism-- U.S. Department of State yearly reports on terrorism around the world, submitted to the U.S. Congress.

Federation of American Scientists-- A policy organization whose Board of Sponsors includes over 55 American Nobel Laureates, FAS is engaged in analysis and advocacy in science, technology, and public policy for global security. Note the different programs, such as the Intelligence Resource Program.
FAS posts links to the excellent Congressional Research Service Reports on international security issues.

Fund for Peace-- Non-profit research and educational NGO whose mission is "to prevent war and alleviate the conditions that cause war" by specializing in "the diagnosis and resolution of conflicts associated with weak and failing states and on foreign policy responses." Many insightful publications are posted, including analytical reports, the annual Fragile States Index, and country profiles.


Geneva Centre for Security Policy-- "International foundation established in 1995 with 46 member states for the primary purpose of promoting peace, security and stability through executive education, research and dialogue." Posts studies on global and regional security issues.

Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research-- From the University of Heidelberg, "dedicated to the distribution of knowledge over the emergence, course, and settlement of interstate and intrastate political conflicts." Of particular interest is the annual Conflict Barometer, a "summary of the course of conflicts globally." Related maps and data are available.

Institute for Science and International Security-- Non-partisan research organization that provides technical analyses of nuclear weapons programs around the world, promoting nuclear transparency and government accountability, and strengthening international efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. Online publications, country studies, satellite imagery, and mailing list.

International Campaign to Ban Landmines-- Information on the landmines issue and the campaign against them. Note especially the extensive Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor reports, country profiles, and other data.

International Crisis Group-- "Independent, non-profit, multinational organisation... working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict." Quality factual and analytical information on crisis spots in reports, briefings, and databases. Offers CrisisWatch, a bulletin on "all the most significant situations of conflict or potential conflict around the world."

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism-- Based in Israel, this site is a comprehensive resource on international terrorism and counter-terrorism, featuring an extensive database on terrorist organizations and attacks, news updates, and many articles and studies on international terrorism.

International Peace Institute-- "Independent, international not-for-profit think tank with a staff representing more than 20 nationalities, located in New York across from United Nations headquarters... dedicated to promoting the prevention and settlement of conflicts between and within states by strengthening international peace and security institutions." Many publications and videos on that topic.

Interpeace-- "Independent, international peacebuilding organization and strategic partner of the United Nations... [to] bring together governments, multilateral and UN agencies, and experts to analyze the latest in peacebuilding trends... [and] combine our local peacebuilding knowledge with the latest in international thinking to assist the international community, including the United Nations, to play a more effective role in supporting peacebuilding efforts around the world." Much information and analysis on peacebuilding.

James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies-- "Strives to combat the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by training the next generation of nonproliferation specialists and disseminating timely information and analysis... [and is] the largest nongovernmental organization in the United States devoted exclusively to research and training on nonproliferation issues." Posts studies on general and headline topics, including videos.

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism-- "Better known as START, a university-based research and education center comprised of an international network of scholars committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world." Posts high-quality content on the topic, including news, publications, data and analysis, tools, and teaching materials.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization-- NATO is attempting to participate in the development of cooperative security structures for the whole of Europe. This site has a complete archive of all official documents and both general and specific NATO publications. Note the NATO Review magazine. The NATO Defense College posts publications and studies on topics related to the alliance.

Norwegian Centre for Conflict Resolution-- "Independent foundation established to integrate knowledge, experience, and critical reflection into and thereby strengthen peacebuilding policy and practice." Posts many insightful publications on international issues, from "the gathering and sharing of timely information and analysis by commissioning and publishing research carried out by experts in their fields..."

Nuclear Threat Initiative-- Founded by Ted Turner and former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, "to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons." Site posts a WMD news service, tutorials, country surveys, maps, policy papers, documents, media materials, and databases.

Oxford Research Group-- “Independent peace and security think-and-action-tank that has been … pioneering the idea of sustainable approaches to security as an alternative to violent global confrontation, through original research, wide-ranging dialogue, and practical policy recommendations.” Posts a large number of insightful studies in many topics.

Peace Insight-- "The leading online resource for local peacebuilding around the world. We work with 28 local peace experts to highlight the work of 1670 local peacebuilding organizations in 45 areas of conflict... We provide a vital network that connects peacebuilders with international actors and organizations—and with each other." Posts reports on peacebuilding topics.

Peace Research Institute Frankfurt-- The largest such institute in Germany, its "work is directed towards identifying the causes of violent international and internal conflicts, carrying out research into the conditions necessary for peace, understood as a process of decreasing violence and increasing justice, and spreading the concepts of peace," including through policy consulting. Posts many studies on these topics.

Peace Research Institute Oslo-- "Independent research institution known for its effective synergy of basic and policy-relevant research... conducts graduate training and is engaged in the promotion of peace through conflict resolution, dialogue and reconciliation, public information and policymaking activities." Posts publications and studies. Note the Mapping Arms Data visualization project.

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs-- International scientific organization dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons and war, reducing the danger of armed conflict, and seeking cooperative solutions for global problems. Features reports and statements, videos, publications on key global security issues including nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, regional conflict, and science and society.

Royal United Services Institute-- World-class "independent think tank engaged in cutting edge defence and security research," in London, with expertise "utilised by governments, parliament and other key stakeholders." Posts authoritative studies online-- "rigorous, expert and objective analysis of current trends and developments"-- some free and some for members only.

Saferworld-- "Independent non-governmental organisation [based in the UK] that works to prevent and reduce violent conflict and promote cooperative approaches to security... through advocacy, research and policy development and through supporting the actions of others." Posts "research reports, briefing papers, articles and training packs."

Small Arms Survey Project-- From the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, a multinational effort to spread information and analysis about the proliferation of small arms and light weapons around the world. Many publications and resources online, including the annual Small Arms Survey.

Stratfor Worldview-- From the security risk and opportunity management consulting firm for businesses and other organizations. The highest-quality content is by subscription, but numerous insightful forecasts and analyses are available in full or excerpted form, cost-free.

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research-- This UN organization provides information, summaries, and some full-text results of its research on nuclear, biological, chemical, missile, small arms, landmine, peacekeeping, and education issues. Also note the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs and its Disarmament Education section.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime-- Much news, information, and analysis on illicit drugs, drug abuse, drug trafficking, organized crime, criminal justice, terrorism, corruption, and human trafficking. Note the annual "World Drug Report."

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations-- Much information on current and completed missions, from the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations.

United States Army War College-- The top school in the U.S. Army officer education system, with many excellent international affairs and security studies accessible online. Note the Parameters and The Army War College Review journals and the Strategic Studies Institute pages. The U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute may be of interest, especially its many publications and case studies.

United States Institute of Peace-- The mission of the USIP is to strengthen the nation's capabilities to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. Institute project reports, briefings, event summaries, and news items are available online, with archives and extensive links on conflict topics. Note the Publications section. Peace Terms is an "extensive glossary [that] provides short definitions of a wide range of complex and often confusing terms used in the field of conflict resolution."

Vision of Humanity-- Non-profit research organization dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being. Their Global Peace Index is the world’s leading measure of peacefulness; it uses 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators to measure peace in over 160 countries worldwide. Their peace research also includes a series of global and national peace indices, including the Global Terrorism Index.

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This section of the WWW Virtual Library system was created, and is edited and maintained, by Dr. Wayne A.Selcher, Professor of International Studies Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022-2288  U.S.A., as a volunteer and non-profit public service. This website copyright 1997-present by Wayne A. Selcher. E-mail: