Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre--
From the Norwegian Refugee Council, a fine resource with
coverage of many ongoing situations of conflict-induced
internal displacement in the world. Includes thousands of
documents, hundreds of maps, country profiles, and
analyses of internal displacement at regional and global
International Human Rights Research
Guide-- Explains and links the main IGOs (especially
the UN), documents, treaties, and more, including by
subject matter. Written by Grace M. Mills, Director of the
Law Library at Florida A&M University and posted by GlobaLex at the Hauser Global Law
School Program, NYU School of Law.
United Nations Human Rights Treaties--
Thorough databank (with texts) and analytical source on UN
human rights treaties, accessible by state, theme, or
subject matter, from Professor A.F. Bayefsky, York
University, Canada, with "a range of data concerning the
application of the UN human rights treaty system by its
monitoring treaty bodies since their inauguration in the
• Amnesty International-- One of the world's largest and most famous international voluntary organizations dealing with human rights and political repression. Their annual "State of the World's Human Rights" report is available online, in addition to many other studies, news reports, facts, and statistics.
• Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the U.S. Department of State, with responsibilities for promoting democracy worldwide, formulating U.S. human rights policies, and coordinating policy in human rights-related labor issues. Many official global and country reports.
Penalty Worldwide-- From the Cornell University Law
School, analysis of the topic worldwide and database
"intended to provide detailed and transparent information
regarding the application of the death penalty in law and
in practice in every country that retains it."
Centre for Minority Issues-- NGO that "advances
majority-minority relations in the wider Europe through
action, research and documentation... supports the
stabilization of areas of ethno-political tension and
conflict, contributes to the strengthening of relevant
legislation and best practices in governance, and enhances
the capacity of civil society actors and governments to
engage with one another in a constructive way." All reports,
working papers, and issue briefs are available online in
full-text. Note the Library, "on inter-ethnic relations,
minority issues and ethnic conflict in Europe."
• European Court of Human
Rights-- "The only truly judicial organ established
by the European Convention on Human Rights... [ensuring],
in the last instance, that contracting states observe
their obligations under the Convention... All of the
Court's judgments, and a significant selection of
decisions and reports, are published [online] in the HUDOC
database... The Press
Service has compiled
factsheets by theme on the Court’s case-law and
pending cases," plus country profiles and statistics.
• Freedom House-- Many online studies ranking countries on
measures of freedom, informative backgrounders, and other
publications are offered by this nonprofit, nonpartisan
U.S. organization dedicated to promoting democracy around
the world. Note especially their extensive yearly online
report "Freedom in the World."
• Global Migration Group-- A U.N.
"inter-agency group bringing together heads of agencies to
promote the wider application of all relevant
international and regional instruments and norms relating
to migration, and to encourage the adoption of more
coherent, comprehensive and better coordinated approaches
to the issue of international migration." Posts data,
documents and reports on the subject.
• Global Terrorism Database-- From the University of Maryland, "an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world," from 1970 onward. "Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 170,000 cases." Searchable.
• H-Human-Rights-- "Discussion network
for scholars, policymakers, authors, historians, and other
interested people devoted to the history, analysis,
theory, and practice of human rights," a member of H-Net
Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine.
• Human Rights in China-- An NGO founded by overseas Chinese scientists and scholars in March 1989, that monitors the implementation of international human rights standards in China and carries out human rights advocacy and education among Chinese people inside and outside the country.
• Human Rights Watch-- Dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world, by investigating and exposing human rights violations and holding abusers accountable. Many reports online, including their annual World Report.
• Integrated Regional Information Networks--
From the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs, news and analysis about crises and
humanitarian-related situations in developing countries,
and global issues, with e-mail alert service.
• Inter-American Commission on Human
Rights-- From "one of two bodies in the
inter-American system for the promotion and protection of
human rights," information on the Commission and about
human rights issues in the Western Hemisphere, published
as yearly reports, country reports, and in other formats.
• International Center for Transitional
Justice-- NGO that "assists countries pursuing
accountability for past mass atrocity or human rights
abuse [and] works in societies emerging from repressive
rule or armed conflict, as well as in established
democracies where historical injustices or systemic abuse
remain unresolved." Website posts information about the
work of the Center, news, and many analytical
publications, including the annual report.
• International Coalition for the
Responsibility to Protect-- Works to advance
Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and to promote concrete
policies to better enable governments, regional
organizations and the U.N. to protect vulnerable
populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes
and crimes against humanity. Site posts much news and
analysis about the R2P concept and specific cases of
severe human rights abuse around the world.
• International Commission of Jurists--
A leading organization of eminent jurists representative
of the different legal systems of the world and "dedicated
to the primacy, coherence and implementation of
international law and principles that advance human
• International Committee of the Red Cross--
This site incorporates much on human rights issues,
especially the War and Law and International Humanitarian Law Database
sections, with treaties,
documents, national laws, commentaries, and reports.
• International Federation of Human Rights
Leagues-- Defending human rights since 1922, FIDH is
an activist NGO with national league members around the
world. News and publications online.
• International Labour Organization--
Much information about international labor standards and
conditions. Note the following databases-- NATLEX:
Database of national laws on labor, social security, and
related human rights; NORMLEX: Database of International
Labour Standards and National Laws; and LABORSTA:
Labour Statistics Database operated by the ILO Bureau of
Statistics. Labordoc has "references to a wide
range of print and electronic publications, including
journal articles, from countries around the world, on all
aspects of work and sustainable livelihoods, and the
work-related aspects of economic and social development
and human rights."
• International Organization for Migration--
This "leading international organization working with
migrants and governments to provide humane responses to
migration challenges" posts information about the IGO's
structure and work and the full text of many of its
analytical and policy publications and conferences on
internal and international migration issues.
• International Religious Freedom Report--
From the United States Department of State, a report on
the condition of religious freedom in countries around the
world, prepared annually for the U.S. Congress.
Institute-- "Independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit
think tank in Washington, D.C. dedicated to the study of
the movement of people worldwide," with much data and
analysis online, including country profiles. Note their Migration Information Source for
"fresh thought, authoritative data, and global analysis of
international migration and refugee trends... [and] useful
tools, vital data, and essential facts on the movement of
• Minority Rights Group International--
"Campaigns worldwide with around 130 partners in over 60
countries to ensure that disadvantaged minorities and
indigenous peoples, often the poorest of the poor, can
make their voices heard." Facts, figures, and useful
analysis in the many types of reports, studies and guides,
minority rights law, and the annual State of
the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples report.
• Office of Global Women's Issues-- In
the U.S. Department of State, this office "works for the
political, economic, and social empowerment of women."
Site posts news, videos, photos, speeches, and other items
on women's issues in the world and U.S. policies and
• Open Society Justice Initiative--
This "operational program of the Open Society Institute
pursues law reform activities grounded in the protection
of human rights, and contributes to the development of
legal capacity for open societies worldwide." Posts news,
information, and analysis on this topic, especially
regarding developing countries.
• OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights-- Based in Warsaw, Poland and "active throughout the OSCE area in the fields of election observation, democratic development, human rights, tolerance and non-discrimination, and rule of law." Posts many factsheets, newsletters, reports and documents on such issues.
• Refugee Studies Centre--
From Oxford University, "to build knowledge and
understanding of the causes and effects of forced
migration in order to help improve the lives of some of
the world’s most vulnerable people." Posts excellent
studies on that topic.
• Trafficking in Persons Report-- From the United States Department of State, reports on "severe forms of trafficking in persons" worldwide, prepared annually for the U.S. Congress.
• U.N. Women-- The United Nations
Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women's
site describes the entity's work, and that of others, to
promote women's empowerment and gender equality. Posts
news and online publications on women's issues around the
world, including the biennial "Progress of the World's
Women" and the "World Survey on
the Role of Women in Development."
• U.N. Women Watch is a gateway to UN information and data on women world-wide and an evolving forum on global women's issues, to provide up to date information on the UN's work on behalf of the women of the world, track the global agenda for improving the status of women, and constitute an electronic space for exchange of information and ideas on women's issues.
• United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)--
This U.N. agency "protects children and their rights by
providing services and supplies and by helping shape
policy agendas and budgets in the best interests of
children." UNICEF compiles and publishes information on
the situation of children, performance of countries in
caring for children, protection of children's rights, and
its programs for children. Many publications are online
about development as it affects children, such as the
annual The State of the World's Children.
• United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights-- Publications, documents, treaties,
databases, special programs, conferences, links.
• United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees-- Very comprehensive source on the topic
and the UN's role, with access to statistics, maps,
reports, and documents. Note the Population Statistics Database.
• United Nations "Protect Human Rights" Guide-- Master page for explanations and links to U.N. agencies and documents on Human Rights, Humanitarian Affairs, and related topics. Note IRIN, "the humanitarian news and analysis service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs," with related news from world regions.
• U. S. Commission on International
Religious Freedom-- "Created by the International
Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to monitor the status of
freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief
abroad, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights and related international instruments, and to give
independent policy recommendations to the President, the
Secretary of State, and the Congress." Site posts annual
reports, regional and country assessments, policy briefs,