Virtual Library

This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources is an Internet directory of over 2000 annotated links to high-quality English-language sources of information and analysis in many international and global studies topics. Sites are carefully selected for their long-term value, favoring those with cost-free, authoritative information and analysis online.


Major Library Directories, Gateways, and Search Facilities
Selected Major Libraries

Major Library Directories, Gateways, and Search Facilities

NOTE: Major open access article and research product repositories with cost-free, full-text content appear on the Scholarly Papers and Articles page of this Virtual Library.

AMICUS-- "Free catalogue listing the holdings of libraries across Canada. As a national catalogue, AMICUS not only shows the published materials held at Library and Archives Canada but also those located in over 1300 libraries across Canada."

Australian Libraries Gateway-- From the National Library of Australia, a directory of and access to the online catalogs of nearly all the academic, public, and special libraries in Australia, Australian publishers and booksellers, and Australian subject gateways. Use the NLA Trove facility to "find and get [hundreds of millions of] Australian and online resources: books, images, historic newspapers, maps, music, archives and more."

COPAC-- "Freely available library catalogue, giving access to the merged online catalogues of many major UK and Irish academic and National libraries, as well as increasing numbers of specialist libraries."

European Commission Library and e-Resources Centre-- Central site maintained by the European Commission's unit responsible for libraries and European Documentation Centres, "an essential tool for librarians, documentalists and researchers working on European material." Find-eR is "a tool for searching multiple library resources in one interface. It includes the European Commission Library collections, plus millions of online full-text journal articles and eBooks."

European Library-- "The European Library is a membership organisation for national and research libraries. Its members include 48 national libraries and an increasing number of research libraries. Through its [searchable] portal, it makes the resources of Europe's libraries, including many special collections, accessible to the public." Also offers a directory of links to the libraries of Europe.

Gateway to Library Catalogs-- From the U.S. Library of Congress, allows access to and search of the Library of Congress catalog, plus links to many academic and national libraries.

The Global Research Landscape: Resources for Locating International Publications-- Review article about "a core set of general resources, reference services, and search tools," with many recommendations and hyperlinks, from the May 2013 issue of College and Research Libraries News, of the American Library Association.

JOLIS Library Catalog-- On this site you can search the joint library holdings of the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund, the publications of these organizations, and related resources.

Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog-- "Meta search interface for more than 500 million books and serials in library and book trade catalogs worldwide... which allows you to access library and book trade catalogs online via Internet... starts a simultaneous search in the catalogs and gives you a standardized hit list."

LibGuides Community Site-- Enter a search term to access hundreds of thousands of bibliographic reference guides in thousands of libraries around the world that use the Springshare LibGuides system. Very useful. Three good examples are the LibGuides of Data Planet, NATO, and the North American Coordinating Council on Japanese Library Resources. Searchable "directory of libraries worldwide. Each listing includes links to the library's website and online catalog [and also] the geographic location, address, library type, current and previous library automation systems used, and the size of the library's collection."

Open Library-- With the goal of "One web page for every book ever published," a massive and searchable cataloging project (since 2007) that provides online access to millions of scanned versions of books and links to external sources when scanned versions are not possible.

Public By listing and linking all U.S. public, college, and presidential library websites, this site "strives to promote the use and support of local public libraries in every city across the United States."

WorldCat-- "The largest library network in the world. WorldCat libraries are dedicated to providing access to their free resources on the Web, where most people start their search for information... This Web site lets you find an item of interest and then locate a library near you that owns it." Also indicates location of free and for-fee materials (such as books, music, and videos) on the Internet-- a fine resource for materials in many languages.

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Selected Major Libraries

British Library of Political and Economic Science-- "The working Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science and one of the largest libraries in the world devoted to the economic and social sciences." Note especially the many papers posted at LSE Research Online, "a [searchable] collection of research produced by LSE academics: articles, working papers, book chapters, conference papers and more."

British Library Website-- Online service of the British Library, where you can "Explore the World's Knowledge."

Dag Hammarskjöld Library-- From the United Nations Department of Public Information, with material available online. Of particular note are the United Nations Libraries Research Guides, for an overview of the various types of U.N. documents and publications. Also consult UN-I-QUE: United Nations Info Quest for quick access to document symbols/sales numbers for U.N. materials since 1946.

Library of the United Nations Office at Geneva-- Site allows access to information on Library holdings (searchable online catalog), recent acquisitions, archives, bibliographies, publications,  e-resources, U.N. system resources, special events, and more.

U.S. Library of Congress site has a wealth of useful online resources. Try the Research and Reference Services page and the Online Catalog. The Gateway to Library Catalogs allows access to and search of the Library of Congress catalog, plus links to many academic and national libraries. For ongoing updates, consult the Library of Congress blogs. Note, for bibliographic purposes, that the Library has posted online a huge free dataset of its holdings, "including books, serials, computer files, manuscripts, maps, music and visual materials."

University of Ulster Library-- Especially helpful with Northern Ireland and United Kingdom information. Look for the CAIN Web Service (Conflict Archive on the INternet), on the Northern Ireland conflict since 1968.

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This section of the WWW Virtual Library system was created, and is edited and maintained, by Dr. Wayne A.Selcher, Professor of International Studies Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022-2288  U.S.A., as a volunteer and non-profit public service. This website copyright 1997-present by Wayne A. Selcher. E-mail: