Limited Area Search Engines, Portals,
Directories, Networks, and Guides about International
and National Law
Limited Area Search Engines
Australasian Legal Information Institute--
AustLII, a search engine for Australian legal information.
World Legal Information Institute--
WorldLII, a "free, independent and non-profit global legal
research facility developed collaboratively by [many]
legal information institutes and other organisations,"
with databases and website catalog guide for online law
Portals, Directories, Networks, and Guides
American Society of International Law-- The professional society for those interested in international law. Excellent online information and publications. The eResources section provides access to international law resources, from primary source documents to ASIL publications, for online research. Note especially the Electronic Information System for International Law, an excellent database with sophisticated search capabilities to find primary documents, recommended websites, and research guides in the principal areas of international law.
Audiovisual Library of International Law-- From the United Nations, "a unique, multimedia resource... to provide high quality international law training and research materials to an unlimited number of recipients on a global level." Composed of the Historic Archives of documents and audiovisual materials, a recorded Lecture Series, and a Research Library "providing an on-line international law library with links to treaties, jurisprudence, publications and documents, scholarly writings and research guides."
Constitute-- Major project presents "the world’s constitutions to read, search, and compare," translated into English and current for most independent states. Interface allows full-text download in PDF, filtered search, topical approach, and comparison and contrast capabilities, among others.
ConstitutionNet-- "Established as a joint initiative of International IDEA and Interpeace and maintained by IDEA with funding from the Government of Norway. It aims to service the knowledge needs of an expanding group of those involved in constitution building." Extensive set of knowledge tools, country information, data, constitutions and related documents, issue papers, multimedia, and more about the world's constitutions and constitution-building.
ECOLEX: The Gateway to Environmental Law--
From the United Nations Environment Programme and the
World Conservation Union, several large databases of
national and international legal instruments and materials
related to environmental management, searchable by subject
area, keyword, country, or date.
EUR-Lex-- The searchable portal of
the European Union for European Union Law, including the
Official Journal of the European Union.
Global Legal Research Tools-- From New York University's School of Law, very helpful portal that "facilitates the efforts of those engaged in the study of global law to more effectively target their research or focus their instruction through... online teaching materials to international law instructors,... searchable databases for locating particular subject matters within global journals and indexes,... linked guides to other online global law resources, and... the European and global law book review programs."
Hague Justice Portal-- "Gateway to information, news and research on the Hague organisations in the fields of international peace, justice and security. It improves access to the Hague courts, tribunals and organisations and encourages academic debate... [an independent website] "created by The Hague Academic Coalition, a consortium of academic institutions based in The Hague."
Harvard Law School Library posts very useful research guides for Foreign and International Law Gateways, International Legal Research:Useful Databases and Websites, and International Human Rights, among others.
infolaw--Gateway to the UK Legal Web-- Includes website listings of all UK law firms, groups, barristers chambers, law associations, and other lawyers, many selected legal resources, and more.
Constitutional Law-- "Provides English translations
of and other textual material related to constitutional
documents. It cross-references those documents for quick
comparison of constitutional provisions." The
constitutions of most countries are in the database.
International Tribunals Web Archive-- "Organized and managed by the [U.S.] Library of Congress with the purpose of digitally storing relevant websites hosting information about the most important international tribunals created since World War II... for researchers today and in the future."
Law Library of the U.S. Congress-- Provides the Guide to Law Online,"an annotated guide to sources of information on government and law available online," and the guide to Foreign and International Law. The Global Legal Monitor is "an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide," with a usage guide. The Law Library of Congress provides orientation with US Treaties: A Beginner's Guide and is also compiling a full series of United States treaties since 1795. You may wish to consult the Law Library's blog.
Lawlinks-- From the University of
Kent in the UK, "to help students and others find their
way around legal resources on the Internet." Posts guides
on Internet legal research and many annotated links by
topic or region.
Legislation.gov.uk-- Official repository of all approved legislation of the United Kingdom for over 1000 years, both original and as amended, "managed by The National Archives on behalf of HM Government."
Oceans and Law of the Sea-- From the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations, a major portal site on the topic.
Peace Palace Library Research Guides-- From The Hague, "introduce the researcher to the main topics of international law, both public and private. Besides providing a brief introduction, the guides also suggest certain books, articles, databases and other materials considered indispensable... A short description of the subject is followed by links to the Peace Palace Library Catalogue, online resources, websites and other resources." Note the many research guides listed in the drop-down menu at the top of the page. The Library maintains a blog on topics of international law.
TransLex-- From the Center for
Transnational Law, a research facility at the University
of Cologne School of Law, "a research and codification
platform for transnational [commercial] law," mainly on
European Union members, that allows you to search the
entire database, or "browse through any of the four
sections: principles, bibliography, materials or links."
United Nations International Law Guide-- Information on the law generally, and as it relates to key topics and international treaties, the International Criminal Court, and U. N. legal bodies, including the ICJ. Note the website of the International Law Commission of the United Nations. The United Nations Juridical Yearbook includes "certain documentary materials of a legal character concerning the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations." The United Nations Treaty Collection "offers access to... records of [bilateral and multilateral] treaties and related subsequent treaty actions" and to much other material related to treaty law. There is also an Audiovisual Library of International Law.
• Center for International Environmental Law-- "Nonprofit organization working to use international law and institutions to protect the environment, promote human health, and ensure a just and sustainable society... CIEL’s work covers more than sixty countries on six continents." Posts information and publications in many areas of environmental law.
• Cox International Law Center-- From the Case Western Reserve University School of Law, with materials on war crimes law, the Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, and the Societies without Borders journal.
• European Court of
Human Rights-- "The only truly judicial organ
established by the European Convention on Human
Rights... [ensuring], in the last instance, that
contracting states observe their obligations under the
Convention... All of the Court's judgments, and a
significant selection of decisions and reports, are
published [online] in the HUDOC database...
The Press Service has compiled
factsheets by theme on the Court’s case-law and
pending cases," plus country profiles and statistics.
• International Commission of Jurists--
A leading organization of eminent jurists representative
of the different legal systems of the world and "dedicated
to the primacy, coherence and implementation of
international law and principles that advance human
• International Court of Justice--
Information from and about the world court, an organ of
the United Nations.
• International Criminal Court--
Official site of the United Nations court established to
try individuals for participation in war crimes and
genocide. Posts information about the Court and its cases,
videos of Court proceedings, educational materials, the
Official Journal of the ICC, and more.
• International Humanitarian Law Database--
Keyword and country searches in treaties, documents,
national laws, commentaries, and reports, from the
International Committee of the Red Cross.
• International Water Law Project-- Provides information and links on international water law, treaties, policy, and related topics, with documents, case law, and bibliography.